Are Steroids Illegal?

Steroids are illegal, as they are mostly listed as a Class C drug, meaning they cannot be sold or distributed without a doctor’s prescription, so it is against the law to possess, sell or distribute anabolic steroids.

The Anabolic Steroid Control Act of 1990 put anabolic steroids in Annex III of the Controlled Substances Act.

According to this legislation, anabolic steroids are defined as any drug or chemical-impersonated hormone substance which is pharmacologically related to testosterone that accelerates muscle growth.

If the person is given possession of anabolic steroids for the first time, he must only serve a maximum penalty of one year in prison and a fine. If the crime is the steroid traffic the maximum penalty is five years in prison and a fine.

It is worth noting that recidivism automatically doubles all penalties. In addition to federal sanctions, state laws also prohibit the use of illegal anabolic steroids. While the penalties mentioned above are for federal offenses, states independently have also implemented fines and penalties for the illegal use of anabolic steroids.


For smuggling there are no limits, and although many laws and rules have been implemented to prevent it, it can be said that the largest illegal source smuggles steroids in the US from countries like Mexico and European countries where a no prescription for purchase.

Did you know?

Did you know that anabolic steroid misuse severely affects your health? This is mainly because behavioral changes, high risk of heart and liver disease, and unwanted changes in physical appearance occur when consumed.

However, some people use these drugs illegally to improve and increase their athletic performance, thus tending to a more muscular appearance. This is not only illegal, but you should also keep in mind there are many sports that prohibit the use of anabolic steroids as performance-enhancing drugs.

Anabolic steroids come in various forms, within which we find:

  • Pills
  • Creams
  • Patches
  • Tablets
  • Injections
  • Drops that are poured under the tongue

Unfortunately, there are unscrupulous people who use veterinary steroids, since the presentation for animals often includes the same components as steroids for human use, but they are not as pure and effective.

Here’s a list of some steroids people use:

Testosterone cypionate and testosterone enanthate

Who Use Anabolic Steroids?

It is proven that both adults and young people at some point in their workouts use anabolic steroids.

A study conducted in 1996 revealed that, anabolic steroid use has increased by 16% per cent among college-aged youth, and 37 per cent in high school youth.

For its part, the Centers for Wanted Control and Prevention in its 2007 study found that 1 in 25 high school students had used anabolic steroids.

The Pride survey conducted in 2009 in a population of more than 120,000 students examined steroid use revealing that nearly 1 in 14 boys and 1 in 37 girls confessed to having used anabolic steroids.

The use of anabolic steroids among college athletes has also increased. Unfortunately, some professional athletes continue to use them, including world-class champions.

Side Effects of Anabolic Steroid Use

In women:

  • Facial hair
  • Deepening of the voice
  • Increased body hair
  • Irregular menstrual periods
  • Increased appetite
  • Clitoral growth

In men:

  • Breast growth
  • Reduced testicles

In Both:

  • Severe acne
  • Baldness or hair loss
  • Liver abnormalities and tumors
  • Blood clots
  • Heart disease

Emotional and mental side effects:

  • Explosions of anger (better known as steroid rage) or aggressive behavior
  • Paranoia (seeing and hearing things that don’t exist)
  • Hallucinations

As an important fact we can say that, today, not only athletes consume anabolic steroids. Some young people consume this type of steroid only for aesthetic reasons (to look more attractive).

Why is anabolic steroid use worrying?

The use of anabolic steroids is worrisome because of their side effects which are very dangerous, both physically and mentally. Unfortunately, those who can suffer the worst consequences are the younger ones, since by consuming it they interrupt the natural process of growth.

Women are not free from these harmful effects, as their uncontrolled use causes permanent changes in the voice and genital organs.

It is very important to narrow that when people decide to stop taking steroids, they may suffer from severe depression and mood disorders.

Injected steroid use, meanwhile, raises the risk of getting AIDS or hepatitis if two or more people share needles.

It is important to make it very clear that anabolic steroids that are obtained without a prescription are not safe. These can contain in their composition dangerous substances, and many times do not even contain steroids.

What should you do if you consume anabolic steroids?

If you are using anabolic steroids without a prescription, stop now. Since you could be causing damage that you can’t reverse. Ideally, if you want to look good, decide on healthy options such as good nutrition and healthy exercise.

Frequently Asked Questions to Ask Your Doctor If You Are Using Steroids

  • What are the healthy ways to improve my athletic performance?
  • Is it possible for my health problems to be to take steroids?
  • How should I stop using steroids? Do I need treatment?
  • Should I consult an endocrinologist?